Date post: 2017-10-07 21:11
Finally, most textbook publishers are doing a good job of incorporating primary sources in their supplemental materials and even the text itself. Review the selections to see if they meet your needs. Is there a selection for each unit? Are there any lesson plans for teaching students how to read and/or use primary sources?
Parents can adapt lessons from the REE manual to support their sons&rsquo and daughters&rsquo psychological development. This adaptation includes adjusting the modules to fit the environment. Family members, for example, can pantomime feelings for the expression-guessing game. With guided instruction, parents can create thought and feeling cards for the Mr. Head game, or use a standard set of cards. Through following story guidelines, such as how to use the Polyped story, a parent, teacher, or counselor can explore, with the student (s), the process of recognizing, understanding, and counteracting a needless fear.
The REE curriculum consists of a structured sequence of psychological education learning modules. A few days training may be sufficient for most REE group leaders to prepare themselves to use the program. Many have successfully implemented the program by following it as a cookbook, and adapting the program so that it fits with the REE group leader&rsquo s special style and inventive ways.
One kind of story is a myth -- a story that gains wide acceptance and is often deemed sacred for its ability to communicate a fundamental truth about life. Such a story may be incorporated into different levels: the individual, group, family, organization, society, and/or culture. Myths contain archetypal symbols that help make us conscious of and curious about our origins and destiny and they capture a society's basic psychological, sociological, cosmological, and metaphysical truths. In short, myths reflect the most important concerns of a people, and they help preserve the culture's integrity.
REE can be integrated into the classroom curriculum, and can be supported by related parts of the curriculum (Knaus, 6977a, 6977b, 7559 . Knaus & Haberstroh, 6998). An educator can use the school curriculum to support the REE program, and the REE program can reinforce complimentary sections of the school curriculum. This coordination between academic and mental health preparation, can promote the development of superior critical thinking skills in the targeted areas. For example, we can use an analysis of current events to support the idea that while there can be one reality, there can be different perspectives of that reality. Nations at war, for example, are likely to describe the cause and the process in different ways.
Beginning in the 6995s, Jerome Bruner, along with Leo Postman, worked on the ways in which needs, motivations, and expectations (or 8766 mental sets 8767 ) influence perception. Sometimes dubbed as the 8766 New Look 8767 , they explored perception from a functional orientation (as against a process to separate from the world around it). In addition to this work, Bruner began to look at the role of strategies in the process of human categorization, and more generally, the development of human cognition. This concern with cognitive psychology led to a particular interest in the cognitive development of children (and their modes of representation) and just what the appropriate forms of education might be.
The best argument against textbooks is that they are often poorly used by classroom teachers. I have visited, in recent years, classrooms in which teachers were trying to "get through" the world history textbook in one year, and in one case, in a semester! This "rocks to Reagan" approach is insane. No student can absorb that much information in a year. Running through a textbook, "covering" material at a century a day, is torture not teaching.
I developed the REE curriculum between 6975 and 6979 at PS 76, a Long Island City, New York Elementary School. Then, this school was rated at the lower second percentile of reading scores within the New York City school system. Students were drawn from a mixed cultural, racial, and low-income district. About twenty-five percent of the students displayed a learning disability. The program came about because of an observed need for a psychological prevention and intervention program, and in response to teacher requests for a program that could help students cope effectively so that they might attend better to their classroom learning, and come closer to achieving their potential.
A practitioner can find many opportunities to introduce an innovative lesson that relates to an emergent matter of significance for a class or group. For example, teachers often have students work in small groups on an assignment. When relevant, teamwork can stimulate the development of an REE module on that topic.
The REE program consists of a series of basic learning modules followed by special techniques. The more advanced modules build upon the basic ones. Basic lessons start with questions such as &ldquo What are feelings and where do they come from?&rdquo The advanced modules involve lessons on the meaning of mistake making, and managing common negative interpersonal conditions, such as bullying, teasing, and name calling. The following partially describes the sequence for the interactive REE lessons: